As many of you know, my positive upbringing lead me to where I am today.
This article takes me back to college and with my career, I truly believe this an important topic. Feel free to add your input and comments.
Further, a lot of people that have not studied criminal justice are unsure what recidivism means. Therefore, I have pulled the definition from the National Institute of Justice and it states, “Recidivism is one of the most fundamental concepts in Criminal justice. It refers to a person’s relapse into criminal behavior, often after th; ae person receives sanctions or undergos intervention for a previous crime.”
While in college, I studied about a career of a reintegration specialist. The sole purpose of this job was to help offenders prior to their release to create appropriate home plans; jobs and locating meaningful support systems to prevent recidivism.
In this post, I’ll include statistics taken from the following:Journal of Child and Family Studies; Journal of Clinical Psychology; an article titled, teenage girl’s perception of the functions of rationally aggressive behaviors; American Sociological Review and the Journal for Juvenile Justice Services:
Females under the age of 18 make up for one of the fastest growing segments of the juvenile justice population with their arrests accounting for 27% of total arrests during 1999.
The most influential aspect of delinquency among Female juveniles is their upbringing.
Females are more impacted by males due to their close relation to the home and being deeply involved in it’s culture.
Influence of the family is seen through the child in every: decisions, aspirations,, attitudes and ideas about deviance and violence.
If a close member of the family displays deviant attitude; the female will likely form the same attitude and associate with similar deliquents.
Disorder and disorganization of the family increases the statistics for females to find order; guidance and regulation on the streets of their communities which in turn lead to violence.
A study was conducted in San Bernadino of the Girls Treatment/Juvenile Unit with 126 female delinquents. Each female was placed in a separate category depending on home environment: 30 we’re from single parent households; 56 we’re living with both natural parents and 40 were living In foster care.With this, 62 Females took place in this study which examined family environments and factors of delinquency. It found that biological parents criminality is a serious factor with female juveniles and their likliehopd to reoffend. Results showed that parent’s criminality scores represented a gentic risk and environmental risk to the girl’s.After the initial study was completed, a follow up study concluded that rates indicated that broken homes are ineffective and misleading as an indicator of family disorganization that contributes to deliquency.
If there are predisposed genetic factors whether the female is living with their biological parent or another, the crime factors still exist based upon their biological parent’s criminal behavior.
Biological parent criminality increased the odds of the first arrest from 15-283 times for females.
“When the family structure fails, the females look for structuralism through the community and the school which sometimes leads to the wrong place.”
Juvenile females who are not committed and poor academic scores and performance at school see the role of student as an unimportant part of their lives face increased risk for problem behavior.
In conclusion, the most important factor to this is a positive family environment whether that be single parents, married parents or two parents who are fostering.
Lastly, I truly believe at times that it does take a village of unselfish people to raise a child however, if you have one positive person in your life, no matter the relationship; that can make all the difference!